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65,000 Aboriginal occupation in Australia
55,000 Malakunanja II rock shelter south of Malangangerr in the Northern Territory, has archaeological evidence indicating that human beings may have been living in this region over 55,000 years ago
43,000 Mungo Man
8000 The Torres Strait Islands are formed when the land bridge between Australia and New Guinea is submerged by rising seas.
1402-1432 Chinese voyagers may have been in Australian waters
1588-1907 Macassans each year visit north eastern coast of the Northern Territory
1605 Spanish navigator, Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, claimed Vanuatu thinking it was the great southern land
1606 Dutchman Willem Jansz on the Duyfken explores the western coast of Cape York Peninsula. The Dutch explored the waters around the northern, western and southern coasts of Australia.
1606 The Spaniard Luis Vaez De Torres sailed through Torres Strait.
1770 Captain James Cook reached the east coast of Australia. Cook was instructed to take possession of the eastern half of the continent for the British crown.
1771-1828 The French sent eight expeditions to Australia to extend their knowledge of the little known world of Australia and the Pacific
1788 Captain Arthur Phillip and the arrival of the First Fleet from England
1790-1802 Wars of resistance in Sydney region led by Pemulwuy
1813 Crossing of the Blue Mountains
1822-24 Resistance wars in Bathurst region led by Windradyne
1830s Yagan, resistance leader in Perth, Western Australia
1835 Battle of Pinjarra in Western Australia
1838 Myall Creek Massacre
1869-1937 Protection era
1869 Victorian Board for the Protection of Aborigines
1884 Battle of Battle Mountain in the Kalkadoon wars in north Queensland
1872 and 1879 Torres Strait taken over by Queensland government
1883 NSW Aboriginal Protection Board
1890 Jandamawra (Pigeon) resistance leader in Western Australia
1902 About 50 Aboriginal trackers join Boer War
1914 Aboriginal people serve in World War I
1920 Government authorities believed the Aboriginal population to be a ‘dying race’
1928 Coniston Massacre
1937-1965 Assimilation Policy
1938 Day of Mourning
1939 The Cummeragunja Walk-off. Aboriginal people go on strike for the first time.
1939-1945 World War II Aboriginal people did not have citizenship until 1967 so when Aboriginal soldiers serve in the war they were not even citizens
1958 Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines
1963 Bark Petition
1965-1972 Integration Policy
1965 Freedom Ride
1966 Gurindji walk off
1967 Commonwealth Referendum
1972 Whitlam Government and policy of self-determination
1972 Aboriginal Tent Embassy
1973-74 Woodward Reports
1976 Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1976 (NT)
1986 Pope John Paul II addresses Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Alice Springs.
1989 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC)
1991 Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation
1991 Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody
1992 Mabo decision
1993 Native Title Act 1993
1994 Native Title Tribunal
1996 Wik decision and its 10 point plan
2000 Sydney Olympics – Cathy Freeman
2000 Corroboree 2000
2005 ATSIC is dismantled
2008 The Apology
2008 Close The Gap policy
2012 Aboriginal Tent Embassy celebrates it 40th birthday
2012 The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Recognition Bill was passed in Parliament with support from both sides of parliament.
2016 Thirteen Aboriginal candidates run for the federal election
2016 Linda Burney becomes the first woman Aboriginal Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives in Australia’s history
2017 Tracey Moffatt is the first Indigenous Australian artist to represent Australia at the 57th Venice Biennale with a solo exhibition
c. Pemulwuy -art work by Marji Hill 2017
c. Aboriginal Tent Embassy – art work by Marji Hill 2017